Senin, 28 April 2008

International Significant Even

Country
Date
Significant event

Afghanistan
August 19
Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919.

Albania
November 28
(Dita e Pavarësisë) Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signalled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule.

Algeria
July 5
Independence from France in 1962.

Andorra
March 14
Independence from France and Spain in 1993.

Angola
November 11
Portugal grants independence to its former colony in 1975.

Antigua and Barbuda
November 24
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.

Argentina
July 24
Independence declared from Spain in 1816.

Armenia
May 24
Independence from Turkey in 1918.

Armenia September 21
Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Austria
May 15
Independence from United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and France in 1955.

Azerbaijan
October 24
Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Bahamas
July 10
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.

Bahrain
August 15
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.

Bangladesh
March 26
Independence was declared from Pakistan and this led to a nine month war ending on December 16, 1971.

Barbados
November 30
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.

Belarus
July 3
Liberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944.

Belgium
July 21
(Belgian revolution) Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as first king of the Belgians in 1831.

Belize
September 21
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. See September Celebrations.

Benin
August 1
Independence from France in 1960.

Bolivia
August 6
Independence from Spain in 1825.

Bosnia and Herzegovina
March 1
Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.

Botswana
September 30
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.

Brazil
September 7
(Sete de Setembro) Declared Independence from Portugal on that date in 1822. It was declared by Dom Pedro I, son of the King of Portugal and the first Brazilian Emperor, but the independence act was not recognized until August 29, 1825.

Brunei
January 1
Independence from United Kingdom in 1984

Bulgaria
September 22
Independence from Ottoman Empire in 1878

Burkina Faso
August 5
Independence from France in 1960

Burundi
July 1
Independence from Belgium in 1962

Cape Verde Islands
July 5
(Cape Verde Independence Day) Independence from Portugal in 1975.

Chad
August 11
Independence from France in 1960.

Chile
February 12
Declared Independence from Spain on that date in 1818. Actually, Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18. This date was not recognized as until 25 April 1844.

Colombia
July 20 and August 07
Independence from Spain in 1810.

Democratic Republic of the Congo
June 30
Independence from Belgium in 1960.

Costa Rica
September 15
Independence from Spain in 1821.

Croatia
October 08
Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.

Cyprus
October 1
Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1.[1][2]

Czech & Slovak Republics
October 28
November 17
As Czechoslovakia, marking restored independence from Austria-Hungary in 1918.
As Czechoslovakia, marking the Velvet Revolution in 1989.

Dominican Republic
February 27
Independence from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.

East Timor
May 20
Independence from Indonesia in 2002.

Ecuador
August 10 and May 24
Proclaimed independence from Spain in August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement in August 2, 1810. Independence finally occurred in May 24, 1822 at Battle of Pichincha.

El Salvador
September 15
Independence from Spain in 1821

Eritrea
May 24
Independence from Ethiopia in 1993.

Estonia
February 24
Independence from the Bolshevist Russia in 1918.

Finland
December 6
Independence Day of Finland Independence from Russia in 1917.
Republic of Macedonia
September 8
(Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста) Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.

The Gambia
February 18
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.

Georgia
May 26
April 9
Day of First Republic in 1918.
Independence from USSR in 1991.

Ghana
March 6
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.

Greece
March 25
Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence

Guatemala
September 15
Independence from Spain in 1821.

Guyana
May 26
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.

Haiti
January 1
Declaration of Independence from France in 1804.

Hawaiʻi
November 28
Independence from Great Britain in 1843.

Honduras
September 15
Independence from Kingdom of Spain in 1821.

Iceland
June 17
Independence from Kingdom of Denmark in 1944.

India
August 15
Independence (Freedom / Azaadi) from the United Kingdom in 1947.

Indonesia
August 17
Proclamation of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from the Netherlands. Independence from Japan in 1945.

Ireland
December 6
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1922.

Israel
5 Iyar
(Yom Ha'atzmaut) celebrated on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it actually occurs between the 3rd and 6th of Iyar, which may fall between April 15 and May 15. The Gregorian date in which Israeli independence was proclaimed is May 14, 1948 (from the British Mandate of Palestine).

Jamaica
August 6
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.

Jordan
May 25
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.

Kazakhstan
December 16
Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Kenya
December 12
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963.

Korea, North
September 9
Founding of the DPRK in 1948.

Korea, South
August 15
(Gwangbokjeol) Independence from Japan in 1945.

Kosovo
February 17
Independence from Serbia in 2008.

Kuwait
January 26
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.

Kyrgyzstan
August 31
Independence from USSR in 1991.

Latvia
November 18
4 May
Independence from Russia in 1918.
Independence from Soviet Union in 1990

Lebanon
November 22
Independence from Turkey in 1943.

Lesotho
October 4
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.

Liberia
July 26
Independence in 1847.

Lithuania
February 16 and March 11
Independence from Russia and Germany in February, 1918; independence from the Soviet Union in March, 1990.

Madagascar
June 26
Independence from France in 1960.

Malawi
July 6
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.

Malaysia
August 31
(Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957

Maldives
July 26
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965

Mali
September 22
Independence from France in 1960

Malta
September 21
(Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.

Mauritius
March 12
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.

Mexico
September 16
(Grito de Dolores) Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27, 1821

Moldova
August 27
Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991

Mongolia
November 26
Independence from China on July 11, 1921

Montenegro
May 21
Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006

Morocco
March 2
Independence from France and Spain in 1956

Mozambique
June 25
Independence from Portugal in 1975

Myanmar
January 4
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948

Namibia
March 21
Independence from South African mandate in 1990

Nicaragua
September 15
Independence from Spain in 1821

Niger
August 3
Independence from France in 1960

Nigeria
October 1
Independence from United Kingdom in 1960

Norway
May 17
Union Dissolution Day, Independence from the union with Sweden in 1905.

Pakistan
August 14
(Yaum e Azadi) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.

Panama
November 28
Independence from Spain in 1821. The 1903 separation from Colombia is also celebrated (on November 3, Separation Day).

Papua New Guinea
September 16
Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975.

Paraguay
May 15
(Día de Independencia) Independence from Spain in 1811.

Peru
July 28
Independence from Spain in 1821.

Philippines
June 12
(Araw ng Kalayaan) Independence from Spain in 1898.

Poland
November 11
(Święto Niepodległości) Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia.

Portugal
December 1
Restoration of Portugal's independence (from Spain) in 1640.
The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) was recognized on 5 October of 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580-1640.

Qatar
September 3
Independence from United Kingdom in 1971.

Romania
May 9
Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.

Russia
June 12
(Russia Day)

Rwanda
July 1
Independence from Belgium in 1962.

Saint Christopher and Nevis
September 19
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.

São Tomé and Príncipe
July 12
Independence from Portugal in 1975.

Serbia
February 15
The beginning of the First Uprising against Ottoman occupation in 1804.

Seychelles
June 29
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.

Sierra Leone
April 27
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.

Singapore
August 9
(National Day) marks exit / separation from Malaysia in 1965.

Slovakia
July 17
Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de iure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).

Slovenia
December 26
(Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia.

South Africa
December 11
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931. Not a public holiday. Union of South Africa formed on 31 May 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on 31 May 1961

Sri Lanka
February 04
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948.

Suriname
November 25
Independence from The Netherlands in 1975.

Swaziland
September 6
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.

Sweden
June 6
Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden in 1523.

Switzerland
August 1
Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.

Tajikistan
September 9
Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Tanzania
December 9
Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1961.

Trinidad and Tobago
August 31
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.

Tonga
June 4
Independence from the United Kingdom in 1970.

Tunisia
March 20
Declaration of independence from France in 1956.

Ukraine
August 24
Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

United Arab Emirates
December 2
(National Day) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.

United States
July 4
(Fourth of July) Declaration of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776.

Uruguay
August 25
(Día de la Independencia) Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825.

Uzbekistan
September 1
Independence from USSR in 1991.

Vatican City
February 11
Lateran Treaty signed with Italy in 1929.

Venezuela
July 5
Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.

Vietnam
September 2
Declaration of independence from France in 1945.

Yemen
November 30
South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.

Zambia
October 24
Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1964.

Zimbabwe
April 18
Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1980.



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